大学英语已经成为湖北专升本考试中的必考科目，以下是 湖北普通专升本 大学英语阅读理解练习及答案四，各位考生可以做做看。 Australias population passed 18 million for the first time in March this year. But as Australia grows, environment groups...
Australia's population passed 18 million for the first time in March this year.
But as Australia grows, environment groups yesterday urged the government to develop a national population policy to avoid severe environmental degradation(恶化).
Australian Bureau of Statistics(ABS) research shows the birth or arrival of 68, 700 new Australians in the year to March pushed the population to 18,000,500.
Victoria's population increased by 23,000 to 4.5 million in the year to March, the ABS also forecast the population would reach 20 million by 2006 and 24 million by 2033. Australia reached its first million in 1858.
While immigration was responsible for a large part of the population booms in the past, over the last five years new born made up 68 per rent of the 1 million increase in population.
Australia has one of the lower population growth rates in the region, with New Zealand growing at 1.4 percent. Indonesia at 1.7 percent and PNG at 2 percent, ABS spokesman Mr. John Paice said.
Australians for an Ecologically Sustainable Population;a group of 560 academics, scientists and public, yesterday urged the government to develop a sustainable population strategy to avoid further land and water degradation.
National ALP president Barry Jones last year chaired a parliamentary inquiry into what population levels Australia could reach without risking serious pollution and degradation problems.
Many of the opinions to the inquiry suggested a population limit of 17-23 million. The government was expected to respond to the Jones report by July, but did not.
CSIRO research scientist Dr. Dong Cocks agreed the government needed to develop a population policy.
“With population size(in Australia)doubling every 40 to 50 years, we would need another couple of Melboumes and Sydney’s by 2050.”Dr. Cocks said.
Notes : ABS 澳大利亚统计局 PNG 巴布亚新几内亚
ALP 澳大利亚工党 CSIRO 联邦科学工业研究组织
31. As population grows, environment experts may be concerned about all the following except ________.
A. water resources B. food supplying C. housing D. radioactive pollution
32. From the passage we may infer that ________.
A. Victoria's population growth rate was higher than the average rate
B. In the year to March, the new arrivals were more than new borns in Victoria
C. Five years ago, new borns were more than new arrivals in Victoria
D. Victoria's population always grew faster than that of any other state
33. Australia's population growth rate is ________.
A. higher than 2 percent
B. higher than 1.4 percent but lower than 1.7 percent
C. higher than 1.7 percent but lower than 2 percent
D. lower than 1.4 percent
34. According to the ABS’ forecast, by the year of 2006 Australia is population will increase ________.
A. 20 million B. 2 million C. 4 million D. 24 million
35. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Australia is planning to build another Melbourne and Sydney.
B. The Australian government has paid great attention to the pubic opinion about population control.
C. The Australian government has developed a successful population policy.
D. At present, the environmental problems in Australia are not very serious yet.